What images can I share on RADAR?

Uploading images to RADAR is a great way to showcase your work – particularly if the record is describing a practice based output such as an exhibition or an artefact. If you have ever wondered exactly what images you can make openly available on RADAR then hopefully this blog will help.

So, what kinds of images can you upload to RADAR?

You can upload, for example: images of your drawings and paintings or photos of your exhibitions and artefacts – basically if it helps potential users understand the work you are describing feel free to add it to RADAR.  We do, however, prefer original images are added to the repository – so it’s best not to add scans of book sections or front covers of publications because publishers rarely allow us to make them publicly available.

The GSA preference is for images to be uploaded as JPEGs but RADAR can handle a wide range of formats including TIFF, PNG or BMP.

You should also consider who owns the copyright of the images before you upload them.

If you own the copyright of the images you want to upload you can make them available without any restrictions, however, you may want to add Creative Commons licenses to the images so users of your work know what they can and cannot do with them. You can read more about creative commons licenses in our blog post ‘Creative commons licenses explained.’

What do you do if you don’t own the copyright?

If you do not own the copyright of the image you wish to upload to RADAR you will need to identify who owns the copyright and seek their permission to use it. It’s important to note that the © symbol does not need to be displayed on an image for it to exist. For example, if an image you want to upload has already been used on the GSA website this doesn’t mean it is in the public domain and can be freely re-used.

A good place to find creative commons images that you can re-use in your work and upload to places like RADAR is the creative commons site:

https://search.creativecommons.org/

Their search function connects you to many reliable sources of CC licensed material which you can use in your work without infringing copyright.

We should also mention that uploading images to RADAR means they will appear in our carousel!

radar-image-carousel

Once you have added images to RADAR they will appear in the RADAR image carousel which randomly selects and displays different images from RADAR on the homepage – so keep an eye out for your images the next time you’re using RADAR!

If you have any queries about adding images to RADAR please don’t hesitate to get in touch by emailing us at radar@gsa.ac.uk and don’t forget to subscribe to our blog by adding your email address to the ‘follow our blog via email’ option on the menu on the right.

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Creative commons licenses explained

The second of our Open Access Week 2016 blogs will focus on creative commons licenses and how they can help you share your work.

Research has shown that one of the main factors that prevent researchers and practitioners from depositing their work in an institutional repository is fears over copyright infringement (Creaser, 2010 p. 57). In our previous blog we showed you how to make your manuscripts openly available via the “green” open access route by using the Sherpa/Romeo tool to ensure you don’t infringe the copyright policy of the publisher.

But you may be wondering, how can you protect your own work when you share it online and ensure you get the attribution you deserve? The answer is – use a creative commons license!

So, what is creative commons?

 Creative Commons is a global non-profit organization dedicated to supporting the creation of a global digital commons. Creative commons seek to achieve this by opening up access to knowledge and creative works which can then be used by the public for free.

Whenever you create a new artwork, take a photo or write an article it is automatically considered “all rights reserved” in the eyes of copyright law. This means that others cannot re-use or remix your work without seeking permission first. But, if you want others to be able to re-use your work you can use a creative commons license to help you do this.

Creative commons licenses do not replace copyright!

 Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright but work in partnership with copyright laws and licensing. By default, copyright law allows only limited reuses without your permission. CC licenses lets you grant additional permissions to the public, allowing reuse on the terms best suited to your needs while reserving some rights for yourself.

When you add a CC license to your work you can decide which rights you’d like to keep, the license then clearly conveys to those using your work how they’re permitted to use it without having to ask you in advance. So it works positively for both the creator and user!

What licenses are available?

 Each license can contain a mixture of the following features.

attribution

Attribution:  All CC licenses require that others who use your work must give you credit.

sharealike

ShareAlike:  This feature means that you will let others copy, distribute, display, perform, and modify your work, as long as they distribute any modified work on the same terms.

noncommercial

NoDerivatives: This feature means that you let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only original copies of your work.  If they want to modify your work, they must get your permission first.

noncommercial

NonCommercial: This feature means that you let others copy, distribute, display, perform, and (unless you have chosen NoDerivatives) modify and use your work for any purpose other than commercially unless they get your permission first.

 

Based on the features that you have chosen from the options above, you will then get a license that clearly indicates how other people may use your creative work.

The license options are shown in this handy info-graphic:

cc-licenses-infographic

How do I add a CC license to my work in RADAR?

 You can easily add a CC license to your work when you are uploading to RADAR. As you can see from the screenshot below, when you are in the ‘upload’ tab in RADAR and you have selected the item you would like to upload and make available you will see a ‘license’ option. Here you can open a drop down box by clicking on it and selecting the license that most suits your needs:

adding-cc-licenses-in-radar

You can also use CC licensed material in your own work!

 The wide adoption of CC licenses has enabled the creation of a globally accessible pool of resources that includes the work of artists, educators, scientists, and governments. To encourage re-use of this material the creative commons site lists many reliable sources of CC licensed material you can use in your work without infringing copyright, see:

https://search.creativecommons.org/

If you would like more information about creative commons you can visit their website, which is full of useful information on their work and the licenses:

https://creativecommons.org/

 And don’t forget the RADAR team are always happy to provide help with queries on copyright and creative commons. So please don’t hesitate to get in touch by emailing us at radar@gsa.ac.uk

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Credits:

 Creaser, Claire, 2010. “Open Access to Research Outputs—Institutional Policies and Researchers’ Views: Results from Two Complementary Surveys.”  New Review of Academic Librarianship 16.1 pp. 4–25.

“Creative commons” logo and license images are licensed under CC BY 4.0 © Creative Commons